Skip to main content
Change to UK

Providing safety for Swift Parrots

With a declining population estimated to comprise around 500 individuals, swift parrots are a species living on the edge. They are listed as critically endangered by both the Australian federal government and the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). 

Swift parrots are unusual in that they are both nomadic and migratory. Nomadic means that they are not tied to particular areas but will move to where the resources are, such as food (flowering gums) and breeding hollows. This is necessary as their primarily food trees (Eucalypts), do not flower annually. Migratory means that they have a winter range and a summer range. More specifically swift parrots spend winter in south eastern mainland Australia and summer (breeding season) in eastern Tasmania. These seemingly unpredictable large-scale movements make protecting this species a challenge.

Habitat loss is a significant threat to Swift Parrots

Since European settlement breeding habitat in Tasmania has been dramatically reduced and fragmented. To breed, swift parrots require areas of both intensely flowering blue or black gums and high tree hollow abundance. If these resources do not overlap in both time and space, breeding cannot occur.

Introduced species threaten Swift Parrots

Sugar Gliders, which were introduced to Tasmania from mainland Australia, pose a huge threat to breeding Swift Parrots. These small arboreal marsupials will enter nesting hollows at night, kill the adult female, and eat any eggs and nestlings in the hollow. Up to half of the breeding females can be killed each year in this way.

Fortunately for Swift Parrots, sugar gliders have never been present on Bruny Island. Additionally we have large areas of remnant blue gum forest, which means that when conditions are right for flowering, Bruny Island is a safe haven for breeding Swift Parrots. In these years, large flocks may be seen feeding in the blue gums on the Inala property.

The Inala reserve itself contains a substantial area of blue gum which is regularly utilised by swift parrots for both feeding and breeding habitat. This area is protected in perpetuity from being logged and we are actively expanding this habitat through planting new areas of blue gum from seed collected on the property and grown in our greenhouse. The Australian National University and Difficult Bird Research Group supplement nesting hollows on the property using boxes.

One of the most important actions we can take for Swift Parrots, is to protect their habitat. The Inala Foundation, with the support of many Inala guests, successfully campaigned for an end to clear fell logging in 2015. This action provided a voice for the ecotourism values that contributed to a 5 year logging moratorium on Bruny Island. Key environmental groups on Bruny Island, including Inala Foundation, continue to campaign against clear fell logging on the island.

Discover the Inala Foundation on Bruny Island

Sparky the baby Eastern Quoll
Sparky the baby Eastern Quoll - Brad Moriarty

Wildlife Care and Rehabilitation

Local, injured and/or orphaned wildlife from road-kill, dog attacks and habitat disturbance are treated and cared for by Inala's team of wildlife carers.

Find out more
Find out more about Wildlife Care and Rehabilitation
Forty-spotted Pardalote - K and M Campbell
Forty-spotted Pardalote - K and M Campbell

Protecting Endangered Wildlife

The Nature Reserve on Bruny Island provides excellent habitat for the endangered Forty-spotted Pardalote, Swift Parrot, Eastern Quoll and many raptor species.

Find out more
Find out more about Protecting Endangered Wildlife
Wetland habitat on Inala Nature Reserve
Wetland habitat on Inala Nature Reserve - Brad Moriarty

Native Habitat Restoration

Native habitat within the Inala Nature Reserve on Bruny Island is being restored by removing invasive weeds and through revegetation using local native plants.

Find out more
Find out more about Native Habitat Restoration
Wollemi Pine - Brad Moriarty
Wollemi Pine - Brad Moriarty

Conserving Threatened Plant Species

We work in conjunction with the Inala Jurassic Garden on Bruny Island to conserve endangered plant species from around the world.

Find out more
Find out more about Conserving Threatened Plant Species
Swift Parrot - Chris Tzaros
Swift Parrot - Chris Tzaros

Inala Foundation

The Inala Foundation protects wildlife & regenerates habitat on Bruny Island, and in collaboration with the Jurassic Garden, conserves endangered plant species.

Find out more
Find out more about Inala Foundation